The purpose of Essentials for Childhood: Safe, Stable, and Nurturing Relationships and Environments is to develop and sustain a comprehensive infrastructure for coordinating child maltreatment prevention efforts in North Carolina. Funding also supports an evaluation of North Carolina’s implementation of the Essentials for Childhood collective impact framework to create a coordinated system. PIs: Meghan E. Shanahan, PhD, MPH | Adam J. Zolotor, MD, DrPH
The IPRC has a long-standing relationship with researchers in Alaska. The purpose of this study is to determine if there are clusters of risk and protective factors among Alaska children, assess maternal prenatal characteristics that may predict membership into these clusters, and determine if child well-being is differentially associated with the clusters. PIs: Meghan E. Shanahan, PhD, MPH | Anna E. Austin, MPH
Implications of the opioid epidemic for child and family well-being
IPRC researchers conducted studies using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) to understand the overlap between two complex and pressing public health issues: child abuse and neglect and prescription opioid misuse. Using Add Health data, studies examining the association of child abuse and neglect with prescription opioid misuse and estimating the prevalence of prescription opioid use among parents have been published in Addictive Behaviors (Austin et al., 2018), Children and Youth Services Review (Austin and Shanahan, 2018), and Pain Medicine (Austin and Shanahan, 2017).
Drug Use Trajectories and the Transition to Adulthood among Maltreated Youth
Drawing upon over 25 years of longitudinal data, the purpose of this project was to examine the drug use of young adults who experienced maltreatment during childhood. This project also included tracking and recruiting individuals from a northeastern state who participated in a 25-year longitudinal study of child maltreatment. PI: Howard Dubowitz, PhD| Meghan E. Shanahan, PhD, MPH; Administering Institution: University of Maryland
Multiple funding awards have supported child maltreatment surveillance and prevention activities in Wake County, North Carolina
The purpose of these projects was to engage with multiple partner agencies in Wake County to determine strategies for creating a comprehensive child maltreatment surveillance system and implementing a community child maltreatment prevention network. PIs: Scott K. Proescholdbell, PhD| Meghan E. Shanahan, PhD, MPH