Gender-Based Violence | Featured Research

Evaluation of a Sexual Violence Primary Prevention Program: Guys Relate

The IPRC and Children’s Home Society of North Carolina are collaborating to increase the likelihood of young men to have healthy, respectful, and positive dating and romantic relationships. Using a randomized design, the Guys Relate study aims to examine whether a group education program for young men called Wise Guys: The Next Level (WGNL) can prevent sexual violence, bullying, harassment and other forms of dating violence perpetration. This project is one of five sexual violence prevention program evaluations funded by the CDC. The results will inform national and global primary prevention efforts that target sexual violence perpetration. PIs: Kathryn E. (Beth) Moracco, PhD, MPH | Rebecca J. Macy, PhD

Evaluation of Restore NYC: Safe Home Services for Foreign-National Human Trafficking Survivors

Restore NYC serves foreign-national female survivors of human trafficking in New York, NY. One of Restore NYC’s services is their Safehome, which is a long-term transitional housing program established in 2011 to provide survivor-centered and trauma-informed services with specialized programming in economic empowerment. Restore NYC works with each Safehome resident to create an individualized service plan that fulfills immediate, ongoing, and long-term goals. To help ensure that the surviviors receive beneficial services and to help advance the state of the science in the human trafficking field, the UNC-Chapel Hill School of Social Work is collaborating with Restore NYC to evaluate their Safehome services. PI: Rebecca J. Macy; Administering School: School of Social Work

School-Based Human Trafficking Program for High-Risk Youth

This project involves adapting an evidence-informed intervention that was designed for middle and high school settings to be used by NC school teachers to educate students in alternative school settings about sex trafficking; and protocols that teachers and other school staff can use to connect trafficked students with needed services. The project is funded by the NC Governor’s Crime Commission, and is led by a team of researchers from UNC-Chapel Hill and graduate students from the School of Social Work and the Gillings School of Global Public Health. The project team also includes representatives from the NC Coalition Against Sexual Assault and an Expert Advisory Board comprised of professionals from a wide variety of organizations and agencies to helps to inform the design, implementation, and evaluation of the project. PI: Sandra L. Martin | Co-Is: Cindy Fraga Rizo and Rebecca J. Macy; Administering School and Department: Gillings School of Global Public Health, Maternal and Child Health

Influence of PTSD Symptoms on Chronic Pain Development after Sexual Assault

The goal of this project is to examine the immediate and longer-term health impact of sexual assault against women, including the development of chronic pain and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). PIs: Samuel McLean, MD, MPH | Kenneth A. Bollen, PhD | Co-I: Sandra L. Martin, PhD; Administering School: School of Medicine

Characterizing and Preventing Intimate Partner Violence-Related Death and Homicide

The IPRC core and affiliate faculty are engaged in a group of studies with two primary aims: to characterize intimate partner violence-related deaths and homicide in North Carolina and nationally, and to identify opportunities for preventing intimate partner violence. This work uses data from the National Violent Death Reporting System and will be shared with practitioners and other key stakeholders to inform local and national intervention and prevention efforts. PIs: Rebecca J. Macy, PhD | Kathryn E. (Beth) Moracco, PhD, MPH | Scott Proescholdbell, MPH | Shabbar I. Ranapurwala, PhD

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Gender-Based Violence | Selected Prior Research

Innovating Services for Children Exposed to Intimate Partner Violence: A Child-Focused Evaluation of the MOVE Program

This study evaluated the effectiveness of the Mothers Overcoming Violence through Education and Empowerment (MOVE) Parent-Child Intervention, a collaborative effort between Wake County human services agencies InterAct and SAFEchild. In addition to understanding program effects, information gained from this project shed light on ways to modify and improve research efforts with mothers and children who are survivors of intimate partner violence and develop data collection protocols for future studies with children affected by violence PI: Rebecca J. Macy, PhD; Administering School: School of Social Work

Development and Evaluation of an Intervention to Reduce Victims’ Risk of Repeat Sexual Abuse/Assault

This project led by researchers at RTI International in partnership with UNC researchers was funded by the National Institute of Food and Agriculture in the Department of Agriculture. The study focused on the development, implementation, and evaluation of a sexual violence prevention program in the U.S. Air Force. UNC-based PI/Co-I: Rebecca J. Macy, PhD | Sandra L. Martin, PhD; Administering Schools: School of Social Work and Gilling School of Global Public Health, Maternal and Child Health

Human Trafficking School-Based Program

This project focused on developing evidence-informed, developmentally appropriate content that NC school teachers can use to educate middle and high school students about sex trafficking; and protocols that teachers and other school staff can use to connect trafficked students with needed services. The research team later received additional funding from the NC Governor’s Crime Commission to adapt the intervention to be used in alternative school settings. PI: Cynthia Fraga Rizo | Co-Is: Sandra L. Martin and Rebecca J. Macy; Administering School: School of Social Work

Randomized Controlled Trial to Evaluate a Dating Violence Prevention Program for Teens Exposed to Domestic Violence

The purpose of this study was to conduct a two-year pilot, followed by a three-year randomized controlled trial (RCT) of a dating violence prevention program for teens exposed to domestic violence, a group that is at particularly high risk for involvement in dating violence and its negative consequences. Moms and Teen for Safe Dates (MTSD) is an adaptation of a family-based intervention for mothers who experienced domestic violence, but are no longer living with an abusive partner, and their 12-15 year-old teens who were exposed to domestic violence. MTSD facilitated mothers’ engagement with their teens via a series of interactive dating abuse prevention activities designed to enhance protective factors and decrease risk factors for dating abuse, and ultimately decrease dating abuse perpetration and victimization. The two-year pilot, funded by the National Institute of Justice, laid the groundwork for the RCT, which was funded by the CDC. The RCT, which was the first evaluation of a dating abuse prevention program designed specifically for teens exposed to domestic violence, found favorable effects of the MTSD program in preventing the perpetration of and victimization from multiple types of dating abuse among teens with higher levels of previous exposure to domestic violence. PIs: Vangie Foshee, PhD | Susan Ennett, PhD | Beth Moracco, PhD | Mike Bowling, PhD

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